Články v odborných časopisoch:

  • Commons, Michael L.  (2000) “The Power Therapies: a Proposed Mechanism for their Action and Suggestions for Future Empirical Validation.” Traumatology, 6(2): pp. 119-138, August 2000, ISSN: 1534-7656
  • Descilo, T, Fava, N, Burke, S, Costa, I, Swanson, A , Figley, C. (2017). “Effects of Traumatic Incident Reduction on Posttraumatic Symptoms in a Community-Based Agency” Research on Social Work Practice. Resource Location: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1049731517745993
    Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of traumatic incident reduction (TIR) among a sample of adults with trauma histories through a review of client records.  On average, participants (N = 247) were 37 years old (SD = 10.98), mostly women, and racially and ethnically diverse. Self-reported posttraumatic stress, anxiety, depression, and expectations for future success were assessed prior to treatment, midway, and after treatment. A series of analysis of covariance models with repeated measures were examined, controlling for participants’ biological sex and total number of hours spent in psychoeducational groups.  Results: Posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms were significantly reduced, and expectations for future success increased.
  • Descilo, T, Greenwald, R., Schmitt, T.A., Reslan, S. (2010) “Traumatic incident reduction for urban at-risk youth and unaccompanied minor refugees: two open trials” Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 181-191, July-September 2010
    Abstract: “Traumatic incident reduction (TIR) is a trauma resolution method that appears to be well tolerated and has yielded relatively rapid benefit in two adult treatment studies. This article reports on two open trials using TIR with 33 urban at-risk youth and 31 unaccompanied refugee minors. In both studies, participants consistently responded positively. In the second study, nearly all participants who began treatment with post-traumatic stress disorder ended without it, with an average of at least one significant trauma memory being treated per session. TIR’s apparent efficiency and effectiveness in these preliminary studies indicates its promise in child and adolescent treatment”
    Resource Location: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19361521.2010.495936
    Accession Number: 84121
  • Dietrich, A, Baranowsky, A; Devich-Navarro, M., Gentry, J.; Harris, C.; Figley, C. (2000) “A review of alternative approaches to the treatment of post traumatic sequelae.” Traumatology, 6(4): pp. 251-271, December 2000, ISSN: 1534-7656
  • Figley, Charles R; Carbonnell, Joyce L; Boscarino, Joseph A; Chang, Jeani. (1999) “A Clinical Demonstration Model for Assessing the Effectiveness of Therapeutic Interventions: an Expanded Clinical Trials Methodology.” International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 1(3): pp. 155-164, Summer 1999
  • Gallo, Fred P. (1996) “Reflections on active ingredients in efficient treatments of PTSD, part 2.” Traumatology, 2(2): pp. [Article 2], 1996 ISSN: 1534-7656
  • Gerbode, F. A. (2006). Traumatic incident reduction: A person-centered, client-titrated exposure technique. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 12(1-2), 151-167.
    Abstract: “Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR) is a person-centered, yet intensely focused approach to trauma resolution, based on the principle that the very act of trying to repress painful memories is what holds them in place and gives them power over the individual. TIR consists of a safe and structured method for reviewing the contents of a past trauma repeatedly at a pace and with a degree of exposure determined by the client. By applying the TIR technique to a traumatic memory in a one-on-one setting with a trained facilitator, the client can discover what he or she needs to know in order to achieve a permanent reduction or elimination of the memory’s traumatic aftereffects.”
  • Mitchels, B. (2003). “Healing the wounds of war and more: an integrative approach to peace–the work of Adam Curle and others with Mir I. Dobro in Upanja, Croatia”. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 31(4), 403-416.
  • Oz, S., Eitan, M., & Motzkin, K. (2005). “The wall of fear: The bridge between the traumatic event and trauma resolution therapy for childhood sexual abuse survivors” Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 14:3, Contains a complete case study of an adult survivor.
  • Valentine, P. and Smith, Thomas E.  (2001) “Evaluating Traumatic Incident Reduction Therapy with Female Inmates: a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial” Research on Social Work Practice, v. 11, no. 1, pp. 40-52, January 2001, ISSN: 1049-7315
  • Valentine, P. (2000) “Traumatic Incident Reduction I: Traumatized Women Inmates: Particulars of Practice and Research”, Journal of Offender Rehabilitation Vol. 31(3-4): 1-15, 2000
  • Valentine, P. and Smith, Thomas E. (1998) “A Qualitative Study of Client Perceptions of Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR): a Brief Trauma Treatment” Crisis Intervention and Time-Limited Treatment, v. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-12, 1998, ISSN: 1064-5136
  • Valentine, P.  (1995) “Traumatic Incident Reduction: A Review of a New Intervention” Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 6(2), 79-85, 1995.
  • Wylie, M. S.  (1996) “Researching PTSD: Going for the Cure” Family Therapy Networker, 20(4), pp. 20-37, July/Aug. 1996.


  • Coping with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Guide for Families, by Cheryl A. Roberts, McFarland & Company, 2003 ISBN 0786417366 , pp. 96-97 (Chapter 7 discusses EMDR and TIR)
  • Brief Treatments for the Traumatized: A Project of the Green Cross Foundation, edited by Charles R Figley, 2002, CRC Press ISBN: 031332137X , pp. 252-265 (Chapter 12 by Pamela Vest Valentine, PhD on TIR)
  • Got Parts? An Insider’s Guide to Managing Life Successfully with Dissociative Identity Disorder, by A.T.W, 2005 ISBN 1932690034 , Loving Healing Press. p. 170. mentions TIR as a possible treatment approach for DID clients who are ready for it.
  • Energy Psychology, by Fred P. Gallo, ISBN 574441841, CRC Press. pp. 18-23 on TIR and three other techniques studies in Figley’s “Active Ingredient” project. 1998
  • Not Trauma Alone: Therapy for Child Abuse Survivors in Family and Social Context, Steven L. Gold, pp. 220-227 recommends TIR for use with survivors of PCA (Prolonged Child Abuse). ISBN: 1583910271 , Brunner-Routledge. 2000
  • Creating a Comprehensive Trauma Center: Choices and Challenges, by Mary Beth Williams, Lasse A. Nurmi, ISBN 030646327X , Plenum Press. p. 38 indicates that “TIR may be effective for uncomplicated PTSD.” 2001.
  • Trauma: A Practitioners Guide to Counselling, by Thom Spiers, ISBN: 0415186943 . Brunner-Routledge. 2002. p. 119 says that “Clients who have a tendency to cut off from their feelings when talking about the incident may benefit from TIR.” There are a few other mentions throughout the book.
  • Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace: International Perspectives in Research and Practice, by Cary Cooper, p.276 article by Noreen Tehrani “illustrates how TIR helped a manager deal with the painful memory of a difficult team meeting.” with actual session dialog. ISBN 0415253594 , CRC Press, 2002.
  • Crisis Intervention Handbook: Assessment, Treatment, and Research, Ed by Albert R. Roberts, ISBN: 019513365X , Oxford University Press, 2000, has a chapter by Pamela Vest Valentine, PhD on Adult Survivors of Incest: p. 265 states that “Both TIR and group treatment have been tested and found effective in assisting clients in answering old questions and generating new options”.
  • Peak States of Consciousness: Theory and Applications, Volume 1: Breakthrough Techniques for Exceptional Quality of Life, by McFetridge, Aldana, Hardt and Slavinski (2004) “Although as laymen we tend to think of trauma as extending over time, in reality trauma is composed of discrete moments in time. These moments often form a chain of traumatic moments linked by their sensation content. Several therapies take advantage of this fact in healing, such as Body-Centered Therapy by Gay Hendricks, Traumatic Incident Reduction by Frank Gerbode, and my own Whole-Hearted Healing.” ( p.65 )
  • Simple and Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Strategies for Comprehensive Treatment in Clinical Practice, by Mary Beth Williams SBN: 0789002981 , Haworth Press, 2002, Chapter 12, by Chrys J. Harris, PhD. p. 270 “Using TIR as the treatment of choice for the family members when there is vicarious, chiasmal, or intra-family trauma should allow the family therapist to treat the individual family members in a relatively brief time.”
  • Counselling Individuals: A Rational Emotive Behavioural Handbook, 4th Ed, (2005) by Windy Dryden, Michael Neenan. Mentions that TIR is effective for PTSD symptoms.
  • Depth Oriented Brief Therapy (DOBT) : How to Be Brief When You Were Trained to Be Deep and Vice Versa (Jossey Bass Social and Behavioral Science Series) ISBN: 0787901520 , pub date 1995, by Bruce Ecker on page 217:
    “Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR) is a technique developed by psychotherapists Frank Gerbode and Gerald French for fundamentally resolving (rather than merely managing or controlling) post-traumatic stress symptomatology. It is a process for rapidly accessing and dispelling the unconscious traumatic constructions of reality set up by the client during a traumatic event.”
    “In DOBT terms, the TIR technique efficiently carries out radical inquiry and position work in relation to a particular type of pro-symptom position, one in which the (ongoing) emotional reality was formed by a traumatic incident. This repetitive, detailed, subjective review instigates a thorough emotional processing of this memory, progressively filling in lost details and unfolding the crucial moments of meaning-formation that occurred during the incident. This brings about a spontaneous emergence into awareness of the symptom-generating meanings, construals, intentions, and protective actions that were unconsciously formed. Thus, the TIR process fits very well within the DOBT framework of psychotherapy.”
  • Crisis Intervention for Disaster Workers: An Introduction, 2007 by George W. Doherty, MS, LPC. ISBN 978-1-932690-42-2 . Rocky Mountain DMH Institute Press. pp. 156-157:
    “TIR has been used in relieving a wide range of fears, limiting beliefs, suffering due to losses (including unresolved grief and mourning), depression, and PTSD symptoms.”
  • From Crisis To Recovery: Strategic Planning For Response, Resilience And Recovery 2010, by George W. Doherty, MS, LPC. ISBN 978-1-61599-015-3 . Rocky Mountain DMH Institute Press. pp. 93-94:
    “TIR’s uniqueness lies, in part, in the fact that a session continues until the viewer is completely relieved of whatever stress the target trauma originally provoked and any cognitive distortions (e.g., observations, decisions, conclusions) embedded within the incident have been restructured.”
  • Proceedings of the 5th Rocky Mountain Region Disaster Mental Health Conference 2007, edited by George W. Doherty. Contains the following papers exploring TIR applications:
    “Resolving Distress: The Medical Myth” by John Durkin, PhD
    “A Soldier’s Trauma – Everyone’s Trauma” by Nancy L. Day, Certified Trauma Specialist
    “The Dissociation of Abigail: A Psychodynamic and Behavioral Assessment by Alan L. Hensley”
    Assessing and Treating Trauma and PTSD by Linda Schupp PhD (2004)

    Dizertačné práce:

  • Bisbey, Lori Beth., (January, 1995). “No Longer a Victim: a Treatment Outcome Study of Crime Victims with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.” (Doctoral Dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, San Diego, CA). Her dissertation compared TIR and Imaginal Flooding with a control group. Fifty seven subjects.  Specify Order Number 9522269
  • Coughlin, Wendy. (May, 1995). “Traumatic Incident Reduction: Efficacy in Reducing Anxiety Symptomatology.” (Doctoral Dissertation, Union Institute, Cincinnati, OH.)
    Specify Order Number 9537919
  • Dulen, Shanna B,(May 2011) “Treatment of trauma for Latina and African American survivors of intimate partner violence.” (Doctoral dissertation, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL) Specify Order Number 3456326.
  • Odio, Francine (2003) “Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR) Program for Children.” (Doctoral Dissertation, Carlos Albizu University.)  Publication Number AAT 3100829 from Digital Dissertations
  • Valentine, Pamela V. (May 1997)  “Traumatic Incident Reduction: Brief Treatment of Trauma-Related Symptoms in Incarcerated Females” (Doctoral Dissertation, Florida State University) .  Specify Order Number 9725020
Reprinty dizertačných prác v angličtine si môžete objednať po kliknutí na obrázok DISSERTATION EXPRESS.